Dr. Ashlee A. Stetser, an international law expert at the University of Cambridge, believes that international law plays a crucial role in achieving SDGs. In an interview with 《The Icons》, Dr. Stetser discussed factors such as the growth of international organizations and the development of human rights in the 20th century, which led to the flourishing of international law. This flourishing, in turn, has provided diverse avenues for resolving international disputes and has simultaneously facilitated the realization of SDGs.
Transformation of State Sovereignty
SDG 16, focusing on “Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions,” aims to promote a peaceful and inclusive society, ensure access to justice for all, and establish credible and inclusive systems, such as reducing violence, corruption, and organized crime. It advocates for the establishment of efficient, accountable, and transparent institutions at all levels, ensuring equal access to justice for everyone.
Within the framework of international law, the concept of state sovereignty is undergoing transformation. Dr. Stetser stated, “Although international law essentially chips away at state sovereignty, this change is hopeful reciprocity.”
International organizations play a crucial role in this transformation. These organizations are typically created by states by states through treaties and have some form of separate existence. Dr. Stetser mentioned, “In the 20th century, the growth of international organizations, the development of the idea of individual and collective human rights, and the rise of NGOs have elevated the status and influence of international organizations.” Some international organizations, such as the Security Council and the European Union, exercise public power over states and individuals.
Rise of International Organizations Promotes the Flourishing of International Law
In the interaction between international organizations and power, the scope of matters governed by international law continues to expand. Dr. Stetser pointed out, “Since 1919, international law has made significant progress in various fields, including international monetary law, international human rights, international environmental law, and more.” Since 1945, dispute resolution mechanisms have increased, such as the World Trade Organization and the European Court of Human Rights, providing essential platforms for resolving international disputes and gaining widespread recognition from nations.
Dr. Stetser also noted, “Despite the increase in international organizations and mandatory dispute resolution mechanisms, states still retain the sovereign right to resolve disputes peacefully. The principle embodied in the United Nations Charter is that states can choose peaceful means to resolve disputes and are not required to accept mandatory arbitration.”
“In summary, international law not only plays a crucial role in regulating state behavior but also promotes the development of international organizations and provides diverse avenues for resolving international disputes, offering robust support for achieving SDGs,” concluded Dr. Stetser.
Recommend for you: